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Posts from the ‘Research’ Category

Congratulations, Laura! Published article, “Transnationalism and health”

READ IT NOW

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Laura Villa Torres

We are pleased to share the work of our Bilingual Outreach Assistant, Laura Villa Torres. The article, “Transnationalism and health: A systematic literature review on the use of transnationalism in the study of the health practices and behaviors of migrants,” conducted a systematic review to explore if and how transnationalism has been used to study migrants’ health and what a transnational perspective contributes to understanding health practices and behaviors of transnational migrants.

We hope you will enjoy! Click here.

 

Abstract
Transnationalism explores social, economic and political processes that occur beyond national borders and has been widely used in migration studies. We conducted a systematic review to explore if and how transnationalism has been used to study migrants’ health and what a transnational perspective contributes to understanding health practices and behaviors of transnational migrants. We identified 26 empirical studies published in peer-reviewed journals that included a transnational perspective to study migrants’ health practices and behaviors. The studies describe the ways in which migrants travel back and forth between countries of destination to countries of origin to receive health care, for reasons related to cost, language, and perceptions of service quality. In addition, the use of services in countries of origin is related to processes of social class transformation and reclaiming of social rights. For those migrants who cannot travel, active participation in transnational networks is a crucial way to remotely access services through phone or email, and to acquire medical supplies and other health-related goods (traditional medicine, home remedies). We conclude with recommendations for future research in this area.

Research spotlight: Occupational science and occupational therapy

The Latino Migration Project is pleased to share the work of UNC Chapel Hill students and faculty conducting research relating to Latin American/Latino migration. Sara Peña, M.S. Candidate in the Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy and Institute for the Study of the Americas program associate, conducted a study entitled, “Responsibility and Belonging: Exploring Adolescent Latino Male Soccer Social Group Identity.”

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Abstract

Latin American immigrants are a fast-growing segment of North Carolina residents, and the incorporation of youth into society is imperative in determining quality of life. Occupational therapists are qualified to address the needs of Latino adolescents as they navigate new social group occupations and identities; yet, to date, there is limited evidence exploring this practice. This study explores how the social group occupation of playing on a school soccer team influences identity. Participants included Latino male middle school soccer players who live in a rural community. The author used a grounded-theory qualitative research methodology, which allowed for the participants to be the experts in their experiences and have the theory emerge from data collected. A focus group was conducted and coded for themes. Implications contribute to an understanding of how Latino adolescent identity and school soccer come together, and suggest further studies regarding social group occupations and Latino adolescents.

For more information, contact Sara Peña, SaraPena@med.unc.edu, or Linn Wakeford, Linn_Wakeford@med.unc.edu.

LMP Welcomes Professors Laura Diaz Leal and Maria Eugenia Reyes Ramos

By Laura Villa Torres

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LMP staff (center) with visiting scholars (far right and left)

The Latino Migration Project hosted visiting scholars and professors Laura Diaz Leal and Maria Eugenia Reyes Ramos, from the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Unidad Xochimilco.

As part of their visit, professors Diaz Leal and Reyes Ramos presented their research at the Southern Oral History Program and Duke University using some oral histories that are part of the New Roots/Nuevas Raíces collection. They also participated in the APPLES Guanajuato Class where they interacted with students who travel to Guanajuato for their Alternative Spring Break experience.

Visiting scholars also met with local representatives from Mexico and other community leaders, to explore issues faced by the Mexican community in North Carolina. Finally, the professors explored collaborations with the Latino Migration Project to possibly replicate the New Roots Archive in Mexico, as a sister archive, to open the possibility for students exchanges in the future, and to explore the publication of a special edition of their home department´s journal for a publication of Spanish articles to disseminate the work done in NC for Spanish-speaking audiences.

Professors commented about their experience:

“Nuestra experiencia en la UNC , desde la llegada hemos estado atendidas y cuidadas en todo momento, Con un programa bien elaborado de actividades a realizar. Ha sido sorprendente conocer la Universidad de Chapell Hill, con un campues tan grande y bien distribuido y atendido.
Las actividades que han sido planeadas , han sido cubiertas en tiempo y forma y horario y las personas que hemos tenido oportunidad de entrevistar , han sido cordiales, atentas y han accedido a nuestras entrevistas, tanto población inmigrante mexicana como personas que dirigen instituciones.
Han sido un aprendizaje y una experiencia de intercambio importante para nuestro desarrollo, aprendizaje y nuevos conocimientos. Esperamos poder continuar con este intercambio, ya que han muchas cosas que podemos aportar desde Mèxico y muchos aspectos que hemos entendido y que ustedes nos aportan a nosotros.
El campus de la Universidad me ha impresionado mucho por sus dimensiones, por la organización , por la cantidad de programas que ofrece, por las áreas en que se trabaja por el número de alumnos que atiende. Nos impresionan todos los servicios con que cuentan los alumnos, es algo de llamar mucho la atención. Vemos una ciudad universitaria y eso hace muy cómoda la estancia para los alumnos. Como invitadas es conocer otro modelo de universidad, que también nos hace reflexionar en nuestras propias Universidades , en lo que nosotros tenemos en Mèxico y nos da idea de las cuestiones que podríamos implementar allá.”

We were so glad to host such wonderful guests! We hope you will come again!

Understanding DACA’s legacy in North Carolina: a report from the Latino Migration Project

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The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program in North Carolina
Perspectives from Immigrants and Community-Based Organizations

Click to read the report.

Summary

As the United States prepares for a new presidential administration, we evaluate the legacy of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program in North Carolina, the state with the highest application rate to DACA in the nation in the first two years of the program (2012-2014). Our findings suggest that DACA has had a positive impact on immigrants’ economic and educational mobility as well as their outlook on living in the United States, indicators that the program is an important facilitator of immigrant integration. At the same time, DACA’s impacts have been uneven across immigrant communities due to cost of application, geographic proximity to DACA services, and local level political contexts of immigrant reception. We offer policy recommendations for current and future legalization efforts.

Citation: 

“The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program in North Carolina: Perspectives from Immigrants and Community-Based Organizations” by Hannah Gill and Sara Peña, The Latino Migration Project at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

 

NEW interviews available, New Roots/Nuevas Raíces

 

newrootsNew oral history interviews are now available in the New Roots: Voices from Carolina del Norte digital archive. The interviews were conducted in the spring of 2015 by UNC undergraduate students in Dr. Hannah Gill’s APPLES Latin American Immigrant Perspectives: Ethnography in Action course. These recently added stories delve into the complex social dynamics that many immigrants navigate in the United States and include themes that explore the relationship between family and food. The interviewees, like our friend who we’ve featured before, provide first-hand accounts of their motives for migrating, their family traditions, and offer compelling perspectives on the healthcare and educational systems of this country. To learn more follow these links (below) to their individual stories.

Un nuevo grupo de entrevistas de historias orales ahora esta disponible en el archivo digital Nuevas Raíces: Voces de Carolina del Norte. Las entrevistas fueron realizadas en la primavera del 2015 por estudiantes en la Universidad de Carolina del Norte en Chapel Hill inscritos en el curso de la Dra. Hannah Gill llamado APPLES Perspectivas de Inmigrantes Latinoamericanos: Etnografía en Acción. Estas historias recién añadidas profundizan en la compleja dinámica social que muchos inmigrantes navegan en los Estados Unidos e incluyen temas que exploran la relación entre la familia y la comida. Los entrevistados, como nuestro amigo que hemos presentado antes, proveen información de primera mano sobre sus motivos para emigrar, sus tradiciones familiares, y ofrecen cautivantes perspectivas sobre los sistemas de educación y atención medica de este país. Para obtener más información siga estos enlaces (abajo) a sus historias individuales.

Special thanks to all the students who conducted the interviews and each interviewee for sharing their story.

Un agradecimiento especial a todos los estudiantes que realizaron las entrevistas y a cada entrevistado por compartir su historia.

LMP supported study, “Coming and Going: Mexican Women Guestworkers in the U.S. Crab Industry”

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Holly Straut Eppsteiner

We are pleased to announce the forthcoming publication of Department of Sociology Ph.D. candidate, Holly Straut Eppsteiner!

With support from the Latino Migration Project, the Institute for the Study of the Americas and Center for Global Initiatives, Eppsteiner conducted a study of Mexican women who work as H-2B guestworkers in the crab processing industry in North Carolina and Virginia.

Using interviews with workers and former workers in the crab processing industry, Eppsteiner examined how temporary legal status and isolated labor market and living conditions intersect with transnational motherhood to shape female guestworkers’ migration experiences and opportunities for settlement.

“This case study of an understudied population of migrant workers contributes to an understanding of the gendered nature of managed migration, temporary legality, and women’s labor force incorporation in new destinations,” Eppsteiner said.

Congratulations, Holly! Look for her upcoming publication (below):

Straut Eppsteiner, Holly. “Coming and Going: Mexican Women Guestworkers in the U.S. Crab Industry” Latino Studies. (Forthcoming: Vol. XIV, Issue 4)

Abstract

Recruitment of female guestworkers by the U.S. seafood processing industry provides Mexican women with opportunities to support their families financially through legal seasonal labor migration at the cost of family separation. Based on interviews with workers and former workers from crab processing plants in the rural Southeast, I find that family contexts, isolated employment conditions, and precarious legal status shape possibilities for permanent settlement. Despite classification as “temporary nonimmigrants,” crab pickers, orjaiberas, use seasonal migration to the United States as a long-term strategy to support families in Mexico, and are held in temporary positions in both locations. These arrangements subject jaiberas to systems of social control that have important policy implications regarding the labor and family rights of so-called unskilled workers in the H-2 program.

Fall Migration Social Sept. 29

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Network with fellow students and faculty in the atrium of the FedEx Global Education Center who are engaged in migration/immigration-related research in multiple disciplines and professional schools at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Learn about research, coursework, travel, and internship opportunities.

For more information please visit the event calendar and the Institute for the Study of the Americas’ Facebook page.

Call to Teachers: Explore New Roots / Nuevas Raíces Latino Oral Histories

Click: New Roots World View Teacher Resource

Teachers ​with particular interest​s​ in migration, storytelling, ​Spanish, ​bilingual education and teaching with oral histories are encouraged to explore New Roots / Nuevas Raíces Latino Oral Histories.

New Roots / Nuevas Raíces Latino Oral Histories document demographic transformations in the North Carolina by collecting extraordinary stories of Latin American migration, settlement, and integration throughout the state.

These interviews can be used in high and low tech classrooms to engage students with the political, social, linguistic, cultural and human elements of Latino immigration in North Carolina. In-depth interviews in this collection are in Spanish or English and include immigrants, US-born second generations, professionals who work with immigrants, policy-makers, religious leaders, educators, students, and local business owners.

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill provides access to these 175+ interviews which tell stories of courage and perseverance that chronicle journeys by foot, car, train and bus over thousands of miles from Mexican and Central American homelands, and the experiences of settling in rural and urban places unfamiliar with Spanish-speaking cultures.

For lesson ideas, classroom resources, upcoming training and events, or to plan a class or community center visit with New Roots staff, please join the New Roots listserv.

Mayor Chet Mann Remarks from Building Integrated Communities Sanford, NC Meeting

The following is the video and written transcript of Sanford, NC Mayor Chet Mann’s welcome speech at the Building Integrated Communities public meeting. In addition to welcoming immigrant residents, he enthusiastically put forth an invitation to Latino community members to take part in the city and county leadership. His speech, as well as the public presentation on Sanford/Lee County demographics, will be televised in English and Spanish on a local television station in Lee County. 




Hola and Bienvenido.  I am Chet Mann and I am proud to be your Mayor of Sanford. It is my pleasure to be with you here tonight and I thank you for coming.  As your Mayor I have been a big advocate of the Building Integrated Communities Effort in Sanford and Lee County. I believe that to truly be a shining City we must all be one people. I am very grateful to all those who are helping to integrate our Latino residents and who are helping us become an even better community because of our integration efforts. 

We love Sanford. It is our home town.  For me it has been my family’s home for over 100 years. You are here too because you have made it your home and have a love for this City also. Many of you have shared with us that you find Sanford to be peaceful, safe, and calm. We feel the same way and it is one of the many reasons we live here too. We want you to be here and we want you to share the great qualities of life that we have found to be true for decades.

As your Mayor and on behalf of the City of Sanford we want you to become an even greater part of our City. We estimate that there are nearly 4,400 Latino residents in Sanford or 16% of our population.  In order for us to be a great and prosperous City we need you to feel safe, respected, and productive the same as everyone else.  I understand that many of you don’t feel as safe as you should. That many of you face issues of racism and discrimination.  We do not condone that feeling or treatment in Sanford. We want all of our citizens to be treated fairly and equally based on their character and good heart. I also can tell you that it is my belief that the way to break through these barriers to a better life here are to embrace our efforts to integrate and become part of our fabric and not shy away from them. 

By integrating we mean to set aside our fears and reluctance to join in our community. . We know that to be a great City all of our citizens must participate and contribute to our well- being.  We want you to take advantage of our schools and educational opportunities. In order to get a better job you have to have a better education. We want you to register to vote. We want you to open businesses and play in our sports leagues, we want you to frequent our restaurants and shops, and we want you to have good jobs.  We are a City beginning its revitalization this month. This month we will be updating and improving our downtowns, adding more greenways and walking paths, and building more parks and recreational places. We will be putting a new emphasis on attracting new jobs and companies here with our new Economic Development Corporation. We hope to expand our housing and tax base.  We can do all that but if we don’t have you as an important part of our Community than we will never be the best City we can be. With nearly 7,000 Latino residents living in Sanford and Lee County today it is past time that you are represented.  It is time that there is a Hispanic Councilman in Sanford or a Hispanic County Commissioner in Lee County. You deserve to be represented but that starts in large part with you.  The first step to that representation is real Integration.  We are reaching out to you so please reach back out to us. Let’s hold hands and grow together so that all our children will know a better life.  So that 100 years from now one of your grandchildren can say their family has lived proudly and prosperously in Sanford for 100 years like me.  Maybe they will be speaking as Mayor or Senator or Governor! It is up to all of us – you and me – to work together, to set aside our natural fears, our past experiences, and our differences in order to enjoy all that Sanford has to offer and raise our families and live happily ever after. 

I am proud of you. I encourage and support you. I implore you to reach for more. Set your goals high and continue to work hard to receive the blessings you deserve.   The City of Sanford wants to love its Latino brothers and sisters. Hopefully, tonight will be a new beginning where we can learn more about you and your needs so that you can begin to find Sanford an even better place to live and we can count on you to help us be the best City and Community we can possibly be.

Thank you.

You’re Invited! Community DACA Forum

Join us for a forum about recent presidential administrative actions relating to immigration, including the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Program (DACA).

April 2, 2015 | 5-7 p.m.

FedEx Global Education Center Suite 3200

Featuring:

  • Gerry Chapman, Chapman Law Firm
  • Yazmin Garcia Rico, DACA Recipient
  • Dr. Robert Landry, Retired District Superintendent and NC Commissioner to National Education Commission of the States
  • Luis Lobo, EVP BB&T Multicultural Markets

R.S.V.P. no later than Friday, March 20, 2015 to Teresa Mackey at TMackey@BBandT.com

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